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ERODE DISTRICT PROFILE
•Erode district is bounded by Dharmapuri and Salem districts in the northeast, and north by Karnataka State. The Nilgiris and Coimbatore districts in the west and northwest. Dindigul in the south, Namakkal and Karur districts in the east. .
• The District lies between 10º35'00’’N to 11º58'00’’N Latitude, 76º05'00’’E to 77º57'00’’E Longitude and has an areal extent of 5714 sq.km.
• There are 14 Blocks, 225 Villages and 4571 Habitations in the District.
 Physiography and Drainage:
• Erode district is having undulating topography with general slope from north east to south west.
• The north western part of the district which includes Thalavadi, Sathyamangalam Gobichettipalayam, Bhavanisagar, Bhavani, Andhiyur, Ammapet blocks is flanked by southern slopes of eastern ghats.
• This district forms part of the Cauvery basin and contributes several tributaries viz Bhavani and Noyyal, that all drains into the river Cauvery.
 Rainfall:
The average annual rainfall and the 5 years rainfall collected from IMD, Chennai is as follows:
Acutal Rainfall in mmNormal Rainfall in mm
20132014201520162017
558.1763.0854.2309776.7702.74
 Geology:
Rock TypeGeological Formation
Hard RockGneiss, Charnockite, Granite,
Quartzite and Alluvium
 Hydrogeology:
Type of aquifer Discontinuous unconfined to semi confined
aquifers.
Aquifer parameters Yield50 – 300 lpm
Transmissivity (T):1.49 – 164.18m2/day
Permeability (K):0.25 – 26.75 m/day
Depth of Water level7 m to 25m
 Ground Water Level::
The Ground Water levels from the 42 number of observation wells of TWAD have been analysed for Post-Monsoon and Pre-Monsoon. Since 1991, average Ground water level in m Below Ground Level for pre and post monsoon is as follows:
 Sustainability::
With a view to enhance the Sustainability of the drinking water sources, recharge structures are being implemented by TWAD Board under various State and Central Government assistances.
The Recharge Structures implemented so far in the district are as under.
Recharge Structures
Check Dam Percolation Pond Recharge Pit Recharge Trench Others Ooranies Defunct Bore well Recharge Recharge Shaft Roof top RWH Hydro Fracturing Total
233 20 5 5 145 25 433
 Groundwater Potential as on March 2011 (as per CGWB):
Net Groundwater Availability (in MCM)696.03
Existing Gross Groundwater draft for all users (in MCM)651.68
Stage of Groundwater development (in %)94 %
Categorization of DistrictCritical
 Categorization of Firkas:
The status of Categorization of firkas as of March 2013 for the District is shown below.
Categorisation based on Extraction (as on 2013) No. of Firkas Firkas
Over Exploited (>100%) 12 Bhavanisagar, Chennimalai, Elathur,
Erode East, Erode North, Kodumudi,
Modakurichi, Nambiyur, Perundurai,
Punjaipuliampatti, Vellode, Anthiyur
Critical (90%-100%) 5 Athani, Ammapettai, Arachalur, Arasur, Erode west
Semi Critical (70%-90%) 11 Bhavani, Kanjikoil,
Kasipalayam, Kavandapadi, Kilampadi,
Kurichi, Kuthiyalathur, Siruvalur,
Thalavadi, Thingalur, Sathyamangalam
Safe (<70%) 6 Burgur, Gobichettipalayam, Kugalur
Vaniputhur, Poondurai,Sivagiri
Others (Poor& Saline) -
Total 34
Water supply status as on 1.4.2017
 Rural Habitations
Total No. of Rural Habitations: 4571
Partially covered70 (10-39 lpcd )
Fully covered4501 (40 lpcd and above)
 
 Urban Towns (Water supply status - Sep 2016)
S.NOName of Towns Population Present water supply level LPCD
Corporations
1Erode 157101 110
Municipalities
1Gobichettipalayam 59523 139
2Sathyamangalam 37816 135
3Bhavani 39225 110
4Punchai Puliyampatti 18967 85
Town Panchayats
1Kugalar 11753 85
2Bhavanisagar 7710 169
3Athani 8430 95
4Periyakodiveri 12330 122
5Ammapettai 9677 103
6Lakkampatti 11716 72
7Appakudal 10610 104
8Kodumudi 13225 70
9Nernugipettai 6791 118
10Anthiyur 21086 90
11Chennasamudram 8111 76
12Nambiyur 16379 92
13Sivagiri 17979 73
14Chitthodu 8550 105
15 Kollankovil 9196 71
16 Nasiyanur 10970 137
17 Karumandichellipalayam 23868 117
18 Perundurai 24930 94
19 Chennimalai 15500 161
20 Salangapalayam 15609 123
21 Olagadam 9958 151
22 Ariyappampalayam 15706 71
23 Vengampudur 7443 70
24 Avalpundurai 11789 70
25 Jambai 16522 70
26 Kolappalur 9607 134
27 Modakurichi 9907 70
28 P.Mettupalayam 9109 132
29 Pazur 3670 70
30 Vellottamparappu 7621 70
31 Archalur 12034 70
32 Elathur 7678 108
33 Kembanaickenpalayam 11103 73
34 Vadugapatti 9657 71
35 Kelampadi 6422 70
36 Kasipalayam 9093 141
37 Kanchikovil 11294 106
38 Pethampalayam 7152 168
39 Vaniputhur 12044 125
40 Pallapalayam 7263 138
41 Unjalur 2482 70
42 Nallampatti 3874 181
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