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Activities of Hydrogeology Wing

The Hydrogeology wing of TWAD Board is vested with the responsibility of scientific source identification works in the field of exploration, exploitation, assessment of water sources. It is also committed to ensure conservation and management of the water resources for the sustainability of sources to provide protected, potable water supply to the rural and urban population. TWAD Board executes water supply schemes under the various programmes implemented with Central and State Government financial assistances for which the selection sustainable source is of paramount importance.

 Expertise Available:

Man Power

  A fleet of Hydro-geological personnel with a wide knowledge on ground water exploration, conservation and management of water resources are available. Most of them are post-graduates in Hydro-geological sciences and some are doctors of philosophy in certain specific area of research on ground water sciences.
  Availability of the technical know-how for scientific exploration for sitting of wells for the drinking water supply schemes & industrial water supply schemes.
  Technological availability for identification and exploitation of the groundwater resources.
  Assessment of aquifer characteristics through scientific ways of conducting pumping tests.
  Delineation of aquifer zones through electrical well logging techniques.
  Expertise in scientific identification / site specific location for the construction of the type of recharge structure to be implemented for the sustainability of the drinking water headwork’s / sources under the various programmes executed in TWAD Board.
  Expertise in carrying out the monitoring studies through scientific methodology to assess the impact.
  Analysis of all the Hydrological data to arrive at consensus conclusion.
  Expertise in the Rainwater Harvesting mechanism for innovative design of the various types of recharge structures based on the varied Hydrogeological environs to harness the roof top rainwater harvesting.
  Assessment of groundwater potential zones – regional and local based on micro level studies.
  Assessment of potentiality in a micro level water shed through watershed approach.

 Projects implemented:

  Implemented the UNICEF assisted Water Resources Management Study in Karaipottanar Watershed in Namakkal district of Tamil Nadu State.
  Completed the Project on the preparation of District Water resources Atlas under Unicef Assistance.
  Completed the project on Lineament Analysis using Digital data for creating the sustainable drinking water source for rural areas of Gingee Taluk, Villupuram District.
  Completed the project on Recharge through Bore Blasting in Muttanchetty Micro watershed in Dindugal district.
  Completed the project on recharging the groundwater through defunct bore wells in Puduchatram block of Namakkal district of Tami Nadu.
  Completed State Planning commission funded project on “Updating the groundwater potential Zonation map” using remote sensing and GIS for all the 385 bocks of the State.

 Infra Structure available:

  Sophisticated equipments (Resistivity meters)– both indigenous and imported (Signal Averaging System) – for ground water exploration.
  Hydro fracturing equipments for rejuvenation/ reviatalisation of failed/ low yielding bore wells (hard rock areas) to enhance the specific capacity of the bore wells.
  Electrical logger and Pumping test units for delineation and assessment of aquifer parameters.
  Remote Sensing data products – Satellite Imagery, Aerial Photographs, GOI Topo sheets with thematic maps and derived maps and related equipments such as – Mirror Stereoscope, Planimeter, Optical Pentograph, etc.,
  Availability of the software - Arc INFO, Arc View, Erdas, Geomatica for taking up GIS application based Projects and for further updating and Related Hardware and Software required for the R & D works.
  Availability of the Digital database for the entire State of Tamil Nadu.
  Availability of the Zonation maps for recharge studies based on the Recharge Project Study undertaken by TWAD Board in collaboration with the Institute of Remote Sensing, Anna University.
  Data Centre comprising of rainfall data, water level data, geophysical resistivity data, hydro fracturing data, pumping test data, block wise information data, basin wise information, etc.,
  District wise Hydrogeological reports, Journals and Periodicals etc.,

 Present Activities:

  For sustainability of sources, implementation of recharge structures in close proximity to the drinking water supply head works were taken up various GOI and GOTN funds, Twad Board so far constructed 12558 Recharge structures, such recharge structures which includes (8406 Check Dams,381 Percolation pond,275 Recharge pit,651Recharge trench,101 Others includes (Desilting, Core wall, Finger Dyke),757 Ooranies,177 Defunct Borewell,872 Recharge Shafts,885 Roof Top Rainwater Harvesting, and 53 Hydrofracturing Unit) Impact study on recharge structure is also being carried out.
  Weekly, seasonal and annual rainfall data for all districts in Tamil Nadu from IMD and Ground water level during January 2016 and May 2016 through 1286 observation wells were collected, through TWAD Observation Wells, and the data compiled and analyzed and report on ground water scenario is prepared
  11952 GPS Coordinates for the sources created, have been entered in the IMIS Web Portal
  Twad Board is in number one position in updating geo-tagged information about the Source distribution, Delivery point, and House source connection.18, 770 photos uploaded and approved using mobile application in the IMIS web portal.
  Ground water Prospects Maps or Hydrogeomorphological Maps (HGM maps) project was sanctioned to TWAD Board by Ministry of Drinking Water Supply (MoDWS) Government of India at a cost of Rs.198.80 lakhs and completed
  Groundwater prospects Maps for the entire state of Tamil Nadu based on Toposheet wise (220 toposheets) have been completed as per the guidelines of NRSC Hyderabad and sent to GOI and NRSC. The preparation of quality layer is completed and sent to NRSC, Hyderabad for approval.
  TWAD Board has taken up a Research & Development project for Tamiraparani River Basin falling part of Tirunelveli and Thoothukudi Districts for the Sustainability of Drinking water sources for future requirement. This project will be implemented at a cost of Rs.2.75 Crore for period of 3 years.
  TWAD Board has taken a feasibility study to utilize the defunct Quarry as rain water harvesting cum water supply pond in Tamil Nadu. This project will be implemented at cost of Rs.48.20 lakhs for a period of 18 months. The project has been taken up in three phases and completed..
  TWAD Board has taken up Pilot Project on Conjunctive use of Ground and Surface water along with Rainwater harvesting to ensure 24x7 drinking water supply in Lagampalayam Gram Panchayat of Nambiyur union in Erode District of Tamil Nadu State. This project will be implemented at cost of Rs.0.99 crores for a period of 24 months.(from the month of January2016 to December 2017.

Fracturing Techniques

R & D Activities and GIS Cell

Scientific Source Finding Activities

Recharge Structures

Check Dam

Sub Surface Dykes

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