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KANNIYAKUMARI DISTRICT PROFILE
• Kanniyakumari is the southernmost district of Tamil Nadu State. The District is bounded by Tirunelveli District on the North and the east.
• The South Eastern boundary is flanked by Gulf of Mannar. On the South and the South West, the boundaries are the Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea. On the West and North West it is bound by Kerala State.
• The District lies between 8o 03' and 8o 35' N Latitude, 77o 15' and 77o 36' E Longitude and has an areal extent of 1684 sq.km.
• There are 9 Blocks, 95 Villages and 1384 Habitations in the District.
 Physiography and Drainage:
• The major river in the district is Kuzhithuraiar.
• This river has got two major distributaries namely Kodayar and Paralayar. There are many tributaries for Kodayar River and among them are Chittar I and Chittar II rivers.
• The origin of Kodayar River is Western Ghats and the river confluences with Arabian Sea near Thengaipattanam, at a distance of about 56 Km. west of Cape Comorian, the southernmost tip of India.
• Valliar, another small river and its tributary Thoovalar, originates from Velimalai Hills, and confluences with Arabian Sea near Manavalakurichi. Pazhayar is another small river draining the district.
 Rainfall:
The average annual rainfall and the 5 years rainfall collected from IMD, Chennai is as follows:
Acutal Rainfall in mmNormal Rainfall in mm
20132014201520162017
1201.21317.11813.9793.51165.11302.18
 Geology:
Rock TypeGeological Formation
Hard Rock 80%
Sendimentary 20%
Charnockite, Gneiss, Granite Alluvium,
Sandy clay, Marine deposits
 Hydrogeology:
Type of aquifer Water table conditions in Hard Rock Areas.
Aquifer parameter Transmissivity (T)(m 2/day)3.946 to 15.92
Depth of Water level0.4m to 11.2m
 Ground Water Level::
The Ground Water levels from the 16 number of observation wells of TWAD have been analysed for Post-Monsoon and Pre-Monsoon. Since 1991, average Ground water level in m Below Ground Level for pre and post monsoon is as follows:
 Sustainability::
With a view to enhance the Sustainability of the drinking water sources, recharge structures are being implemented by TWAD Board under various State and Central Government assistances
The Recharge Structures implemented so far is as under.
Recharge Structures
Check Dam Percolation Pond Recharge Pit Recharge Trench Others Ooranies Defunct Bore well Recharge Recharge Shaft Roof top RWH Hydro Fracturing Total
11 45 58
 Groundwater Potential as on March 2011 (as per CGWB):
Net Groundwater Availability (in MCM)304.46
Existing Gross Groundwater draft for all users (in MCM)57.43
Stage of Groundwater development (in %)19 %
Categorization of DistrictSafe
 Categorization of Firkas:
The status of Categorization of firkas as of March 2013 for the District is shown below.
Categorisation based on Extraction (as on 2013) No. of Firkas Firkas
Over Exploited (>100%) -
Critical (90%-100%) -
Semi Critical (70%-90%) 1 Rajakkamangalam
Safe (<70%) 17 Arumanai, Azhaipandipuram,
Bhoothapandy, Colachel, Edaicode,
Midalam, Kulasekaram, Kurunthencode,
Kanniyakumari, Nagercoil, Painkulam,
Suchindram,
Thiruvattar, Thiruvithancode, Thovalai,
Thuckalay, Vilavancode
Others (Poor& Saline) -
Total 18
Water supply status as on 1.4.2017
 Rural Habitations
Total No. of Rural Habitations: 1379
Partially covered126 (10-39 lpcd )
Fully covered1253 (40 lpcd and above)
 
 Urban Towns (Water supply status - Sep 2016)
S.NOName of Towns Population Present water supply level LPCD
Municipalities
1Kuzhithurai 201307 90
2Padmanabapuram 21342 106
3Nagercoil 224849 73
4Kulachal 23227 90
Town Panchayats
1 Agastheeswaram
9717
72
2 Alagappapuram
9626
73
3 Alur
15063
97
4 Anjugramam
10982
75
5 Aralvaimozhi
22846
82
6 Arumanai
16283
72
7 Athur
11910
71
8 Azhagiapandiapuram
11392
76
9 Balapallam
18589
76
10 Boothapandi
15931
75
11 Edaikodu
25378
78
12 Eraniel
10375
70
13 Ezhudesam
24657
76
14 Ganapathipuram
14598
73
15 Kadayal
21665
72
16 Kaliyakkavilai
15625
77
17 Kallukuttam
19093
71
18 Kanniyakumari
22453
76
19 Kappiyarai
15998
73
20 Karungal
16691
79
21 Kilkulam
17327
77
22 Killiyur
20938
75
23 Kollankodu
38385
76
24 Kothinallur
17662
77
25 Kottaram
11055
76
26 Kulasekarapuram
17267
75
27 Kumarapuram
14728
77
28 Manavalakurichi
10969
72
29 Mandaikadu
13317
72
30 Marungur
11236
74
31 Mulagumudu
19538
83
32 Myladi
10070
76
33 Nallur
17989
102
34 Neiyyur
12917
69
35 Pacode
24050
72
36 Pazhugal
18276
75
37 Ponmani
15554
78
38 Pudukadai
9909
76
39 Puthalam
13073
74
40 Reethapuram
21177
78
41 Suchindram
13193
78
42 Thalakudi
8992
72
43 Thengampudur
14538
73
44 Thenthamaraikulam
11872
71
45 Thesur
7615
75
46 Thingalnagar
13567
76
47 Thiruparappu
22401
70
48 Thiruvattaru
18985
70
49 Thiruvithankodu
18723
60
50 Unnamalaikadai
23656
70
51 Valvaithankoshtam
16965
76
52 Vellimalai
13182
72
53 Verkilambi
19730
91
54 Vilavur
14320
100
55 Villukuri
15304
90
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