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• Madurai district is bounded by Sivaganga district in the East, Theni district in the West, Tiruchirappalli and Dindigul districts in the North and Virudhunagar district in the South.
• The District lies between 9º33'30’ ’N to 10º18'50’’ N Latitude, 77º29'10’ ’E to 78º28’45’’ E Longitude and has an areal extent of 3696 sq.km.
• There are 13 Blocks, 420 Villages and 2263 Habitations in the District
 Physiography and Drainage:
• Central Part of Madurai district is drained by Vaigai River and Gundar river that forms parts of Vaigai. Northern Part of the district is drained by Pambar.
• South eastern part of the district (part of Sedapatti and Kallupatti blocks) falls in Vaippar basin and the area is drained by Arjuna Nadi.
The average annual rainfall and the 5 years rainfall collected from IMD, Chennai is as follows:
Acutal Rainfall in mmNormal Rainfall in mm
Rock TypeGeological Formation
Hard RockCharnockite, Granite, Gneiss,
Quartzite, Pegmatite and
Type of aquifer Water table conditions
Aquifer parametersHard rockAlluvial formation
Well yield (lpm): 45 – 135315 – 1080
Transmissivity (T)(m 2/day)15 – 60210 – 1500
Permeability (K)(m/day)0.98 – 2.4519.57 – 48.93
Specific capacity inm 3/m/DD0.6 – 6.530.554 - 7.6
Depth of Water level5 m to 14m
 Ground Water Level::
The Ground Water levels from the 31 number of observation wells of TWAD have been analysed for Post-Monsoon and Pre-Monsoon. 5 Since 1991, average Ground water level in m Below Ground Level for pre and post monsoon is as follows:
With a view to enhance the Sustainability of the drinking water sources, recharge structures are being implemented by TWAD Board under various State and Central Government assistances.
The Recharge Structures implemented so far is as under.
Recharge Structures
Check Dam Percolation Pond Recharge Pit Recharge Trench Others Ooranies Defunct Bore well Recharge Recharge Shaft Roof top RWH Hydro Fracturing Total
444 3 7 9 42 50 45 600
 Groundwater Potential as on March 2011 (as per CGWB):
Net Groundwater Availability (in MCM)658.68.
Existing Gross Groundwater draft for all users (in MCM)380.27
Stage of Groundwater development (in %)58 %
Categorization of DistrictSafe
 Categorization of Firkas:
The status of Categorization of firkas as of March 2011 for the District is shown below.
Categorisation based on Extraction (as on 2011) No. of Firkas Firkas
Over Exploited (>100%) 5 Usilampatti, Uthappanaickanur,
Muduvarpatti, Palamedu,A.Vellalapatti
Critical (90%-100%) 5 Sedapatti,Kokkulam,Kottampatti,Madurai West, Sindhupatti
Semi Critical (70%-90%) 13 Madurai East, Madurai West, Pudukotta,
Vellalur, Athipatti, Elumalai,
Thirumangalam, Karumathur
Safe (<70%) 28 Alanganallur, Appan
thirupathi, Arumabanur, Avaniyapuram, Sivarakkottai
Chathrapatti, Kallandhiri,
Karungalakudi, Keelavalavu,
Koolapandi, Kulamangalam,
Kunnathur(M), Kuraiyur, Melavalavu,
Melur(M), Mothagam,
Othakkadai, Rajakkur,
Sakkimangalam, Samayanallur,
Sathamangalam, Solavandhan,
T.Kallupatti, Thanichiam
Thirupparan Kundram, Thiruvathavur,
Valayankulam, Virathanur
Others (Poor& Saline) -
Total 51
Water supply status as on 1.4.2017
 Rural Habitations
Total No. of Rural Habitations: 2263
Partially covered2(10-39 lpcd )
Fully covered2261 (40 lpcd and above)
 Urban Towns (Water supply status - Sep 2016)
S.NOName of Towns Population Present water supply level LPCD
1Madurai 1017865 63.60
1 Usilampatti 35219 63
2 Melur 40017 90
3 Thirumangalam 51194 78
Town Panchayats
1 Periyaiyur 10394 73
2 Paravai 20042 77
3 Sholavandan 22578 79
4 Alanganallur 12331 79
5 Vadipatti 26830 73
6 Palamedu 10493 78
7 T.Kallupatti 10762 76
8 A.Vellalapatti 8325 72
9 Elumalai 15746 72
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