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TIRUPPUR DISTRICT PROFILE
• Tiruppur district is bounded by Karur district in the East, Coimbatore in the West, and Erode in the North and Dindigul district in the South.
• The District lies between 10º 14'N to 11º 20'N Latitude, 77º 27'E to 77º 56'E Longitude and has an areal extent of 2296 sq.km.
• There are 13 Blocks, 265 Villages and 3597 Habitations in the District.
 Physiography and Drainage:
• The southern part of the Tiruppur district is covered by hill ranges of Western Ghats (Anamalai, Sirumuga malai, Nilgiri , Boluvampatti, Janakal and Velligiri) and the rest of the district consists of undulating plain sloping gradually from West to East.
• The major rivers flowing through the district are Noyyal and Amaravathi, which come under the Cauvery basin
• Chinnar and Tenar rivers are the main tributary of Amravati River, which is the main source of irrigation in the district.
• Nallar and Palar river are covered under the Parambikulam-Aliyar basin.
• Both Amaravathi dam and Thirumurthy dam are the prime source of irrigation in the district, whereas Uppaar dam is another dam which receives water from seasonal rains.
 Rainfall:
The average annual rainfall and the 5 years rainfall collected from IMD, Chennai is as follows:
Acutal Rainfall in mmNormal Rainfall in mm
20132014201520162017
703.00360.10277.60411.2679.8618.14
 Geology:
Rock TypeGeological Formation
Hard RockGneiss, Charnockite, Granite,
Quartzite, Laterite and Alluvium
 Hydrogeology:
Type of Aquifer Semi confined to unconfined aquifers
Well yield in lpm50 - 300 lpm
Transmissivity (T)m2/day 1.49 - 164.18
Permeability (K)(m/day))0.25 - 26.75
Depth of Water level7 m to 25m
 Ground Water Level::
The Ground Water levels from the 39 number of observation wells of TWAD have been analysed for Post-Monsoon and Pre-Monsoon. Since 1991 average Ground water level in m Below Ground Level for pre and post monsoon is as follows:
 Sustainability::
With a view to enhance the Sustainability of the drinking water sources, recharge structures are being implemented by TWAD Board under various State and Central Government assistances.
The Recharge Structures implemented so far is as under.
Recharge Structures
Check Dam Percolation Pond Recharge Pit Recharge Trench Others Ooranies Defunct Bore well Recharge Recharge Shaft Roof top RWH Hydro Fracturing Total
199 40 239
 Groundwater Potential as on March 2011 (as per CGWB):
Net Groundwater Availability (in MCM)443.25
Existing Gross Groundwater draft for all users (in MCM)562.48
Stage of Groundwater development (in %)127 %
Categorization of DistrictOver Exploited
 Categorization of Firkas:
The status of Categorization of firkas as of March 2011 for the District is shown below.
Categorisation based on Extraction (as on 2011) No. of Firkas Firkas
Over Exploited (>100%) 21 Avinashi(E), Avinashi(W),
Avinashipalayam(S),
Gudimangalam, Kangeyam, Kannivadi,
Karadivavi, Kundadam, Kunnathur,
Mulanur, Palladam, Periavalavadi,
Perumanallur, Pethappampatti,
Pongalur, Ponnapuram, Samalapuram,
Sankarandampalayam,
Tiruppur (S), Uthiyur, Uthukuli.
Critical (90%-100%) 4 Vellakoil, Cheyur, Nathakadaiyur, Tiruppur (N)
Semi Critical (70%-90%) 5 Dharapuram, Udumalpet, Thungari, Kuichikottai
Safe (<70%) 1 Madathukulam
Others (Poor& Saline) -
Total 31
Water supply status as on 1.4.2017
 Rural Habitations
Total No. of Rural Habitations: 3597
Partially covered 785 (10-39 lpcd )
Fully covered 2812 (40 lpcd and above)
 
 Urban Towns (Water supply status - Sep 2016)
S.NOName of Towns Population Present water supply level LPCD
Corporation
1Tiruppur 444352 80
Municipalities
1Dharapuram 56007 75
2Vellakoil 40359 90
3Udumalaipettai 61133 123
4Kangeyam 32147 85
5Palladam 7263 85
Town Panchayats
1 Avanashi 28868 70
2 Chinnakkampalayam 11546 70
3 Dhali 5874 70
4 Kaniyur 6180 70
5 Kannivadi 10369 70
6 Kolathupalayam 17819 70
7 Komaralingam 13642 72
8 Kunnathur 8774 125
9 Madathukulam 20620 70
10 Mulanur 15223 70
11 Muthur 13212 70
12 Rudravathi
( Kondadam)
6807 70
13 Samalapuram 20691 70
14 Sankaramanallur 10283 70
15 Thirumuruganpoondi 31528 70
16 Uthukuli 10130 70
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