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Urban Water Supply Schemes

 General

Tamil Nadu is a rapidly urbanising State. The urban population of the State stood at 34.95 million as per 2011 census, constituting 48 % of the total population. With the growth in urbanisation and improving quality of life, provision of adequate infrastructural services has assumed greater importance. The urban areas of Tamil Nadu are classified, depending upon the civic status, except Chennai Corporation, as follows

Sl. NoCategoriesNos
1Corporations11
2Municipalities124
3Town Panchayats528
 Total663

The Government have provided increased allocation in each plan for this sector for the provision of safe drinking water to urban folk. There is significant coverage increase in each Plan period . However,due to the increase in demand, full coverage remains an eluding factor. Among other notable reasons are, over exploitation of surface/ Sub surface water and quality related inconsistencies

The Government have taken appropriate actions for the protection and for increasing the potential of water bodies by construction of suitable recharge structures

 Agencies involved

The task of providing safe drinking water and sanitation facilities for the entire State except Chennai Metropolitan area, rests with the Tamil Nadu Water Supply and Drainage Board. Water supply schemes on a limited scale are being implemented by urban local bodies also. The schemes on completion, are handed over to the respective local bodies for maintenance. Schemes of composite nature covering more than one local body are being maintained by TWAD Board. Here too, the maintenance of the internal arrangements is the responsibility of the respective local body. Chennai Metropolitan Water Supply and Sewerage Board (CMWSS Board) is vested with the responsibility of providing water supply and sewerage facilities within the metropolitan area of Chennai

 Funding Agencies

Water supply to urban towns are funded by i) Govt of India, under JnNURM, UIDSSMT, ii) Govt of Tamil Nadu under Minimum Needs Programme ,iii) World Bank aided through TNUDP III, iv) under KfW (German Bank aid ), Under JICA (Japan aid). The local bodies are also contributing from their funds and collecting from the public as well

 Norms adopted

In Tamil Nadu, the following per capita norms are adopted for Water Supply to urban towns

Corporations                 110 litres per capita per day (135 lpcd with UGSS)
Municipalities                90 litres per capita per day (135 lpcd with UGSS)
Town Panchayats               70 litres per capita per day (135 lpcd with UGSS)

 Achievements (Water Supply)during the past five years (Stand Alone Schemes)

Sl.No Year No of Towns Estimate cost Rs in Crores Population(in Lakh)
1 2011-12 13 39.33 2.01
2 2012-13 7 15.77 1.88
3 2013-14 11 90.01 4.02
4 2014-15 16 99.97 3.66
5 2015-16 12 81.66 3.65
Total 59 326.74 15.22

Urban Stand Alone Schemes under implementation during 2016-17.

Sl.No District Name of Town Est Cost (Rs. In Crore) Population(in Lakh)
1. Dindugal Palani Mpty. 21.60 0.80
2. Karur Inam Karur Mpty.. 18.57 0.82
3. Karur Thanthoni Mpty. 25.16 0.62
4. Madurai Anaiyur Mpty. 8.97 0.38
5. Nilgiris Udhagamandalam Mpty. 27.20 1.04
6. Theni Cumbum Mpty. 18.80 10.59
7. Thoothukudi Kovilpatti Mpty. 81.82 0.87
8. Theni Periyakulam Mpty. 15.54 0.43
9. Theni Theni-Allinagaram Mpty.. 68.83 0.99
10. Thiruvannamalai Arani Mpty.. 36.26 0.64
11. Thiruvannamalai Thiruvathipuram Mpty 13.44 0.38
12. Villupuram Tindivanam Mpty. 52.45 0.73
13. Tirunelveli Kadayanallur Mpty (11350 Nos of HSC) 6.05 0.90
14. Nilgiris Kothagiri TPt.. 10.60 0.28
15. Namakkal Mohanur TPt. 3.66 0.14
16. Namakkal Pothanur TPt. 6.41 0.19
17. Karur Krishnarayapuram TPt.. 3.06 0.11
18. Theni Devadhanapatty TPt. 5.10 0.19
19. Trichy Kallakudi TPt. 0.71 0.12
20. Dindigul Kodaikkanal Mpty 46.31 0.37
21. Kancheepuram Thirukazhunkundram TPt. 8.23 0.29
22. Trichy Pullambadi TPt. 2.00 0.10
23. Coimbatore 3 Added areas viz., Koundampalayam, Vadavalli and Veerakeralam to Coimbatore Corp 108.16 1.53
24. Trichy Musiri TPt. 21.07 0.29
25. Theni Andipatti TPt. 14.59 0.27
TOTAL 624.59 13.07

Urban Stand Alone Schemes in Tender Stages

Sl.No District Name of Town Est Cost (Rs. In Crore) Population(in Lakh)
1. Thirunelveli WSIS to Thirunelveli Corp. 230.00 4.74
2. Nilgiris Providing CWSS to Coonoor Municipality, Wellington Military Station and Pasteur Institute of India, Coonoor with Emerald Reservoir as source 95.29 0.45
3. Vellore WSIS to Vellore Corp 234.93 1.77
4 Krishnagiri WSIS to Hosur Mpty 87.91 0.84
5 Vellore WSIS to Ambur Mpty 50.90 1.00
6 Erode WSIS to Erode Corp 484.45 1.51
7 Thiruppur WSIS to Thiruppur Corp 250.00 3.45
8 Madurai WSIS to Madurai Corp 320.00 9.29
9 Coimbatore a) D' System to 6 added areas 395.41 5.31
b) D'System to 2 added areas
TOTAL 2148.89 28.36
GRAND TOTAL 2773.48 41.43
 
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